Orthopaedics important topic list for NEET-PG, NEXT, and INICET

Orthopedics important topics that should be covered & are essential for any examination whether it be NEET PG, NEXT, or INICET.

Infections -:

.Osteomyelitis
· Pyogenic arthritis
· Actinomycosis

Bone Tumors -:

· Diagnosis especially Benign Tumors

· Management Malignant Tumors

. Bone Cyst

Tuberculosis -:

. Pott’s spine

. T.B. Knee and Hip

Imaging -:

. Investigations for Stress fracture, Osteomyelitis and Bone Tumors

. Periosteal Reactions

Traumatology -:

  1. Upper Limb:

· Dislocation- Shoulder and Elbow

· Fractures- Clavicle, Humerus, Supracondylar humerus, Lateral condyle humerus, Colles and Carpo metacarpal injuries

  1. Lower Limb:

· Dislocations- Hip and Knee

· Fractures- Hip, Femur shaft, Patella, Tibia and Calcaneum

  1. Complication:

· Compartment Syndrome

· Crush injury

· Fat Embolism

· Sudecks dystrophy

· Myositis Ossificans

  1. Cervical Spine Injuries

  2. Lower Limb: Ankle Sprain

  3. Treatment: Nails, Screws and Wires

Metabolic Disorders -:

· Osteomalacia

· Osteopetrosis and Pagets

· Osteoporosis

· Achondroplasia

· Hyperparathyroidism

· Osteogenesis imperfect

Arthritis -:

· Osteoarthritis

· R.A and Ankylosing spondylitis

· Gout

· Pseudogout

· Charcots Joints

Nerve Injuries -:

· Erb’s Palsy

· Median and Radial Nerve

· Entrapment syndrome- Carpal Tunnel and Meralgia Paraesthetica

· Ulnar

Pediatrics Orthopedics -:

· Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

· Genu Varum

· DDH and Perthes

· CTEV

Neuromuscular Disorder -:

· Polio

· Disc prolapsed

· Bursitis and other inflammatory disorders

· Dupuytrens contracture

OTHERS -:

Avascular Necrosis

Osteochondritis

Amputation

Sports Injury – Cruciate Ligaments & Meniscal Injuries