List of important Neurology Mnemonics

Neurology mnemonics for easy memorization of forgetful stuff. They are specially helpful for USMLE and other licensing exams. This is ever growing dynamic list of mnemonics, please add yours comments to them.

Chorea: common causes Mnemonic

St. VITUS’S DANCE:

Sydenhams

Vascular

Increased RBC’s (polycythemia)

Toxins: CO, Mg, Hg

Uremia

SLE

Senile chorea

Drugs

APLA syndrome

Neurodegenerative conditions: HD, neuroacanthocytosis, DRPLA

Conception related: pregnancy, OCP’s

Endocrine: hyperthyroidism, hypo-, hyperglycemia

Congenital myopathy: features Mnemonic

DREAMS:

Dominantly inherited, mostly

Reflexes decreased

Enzymes normal

Apathetic floppy baby

Milestones delayed

Skeletal abnormalities

Dementia: reversible dementia causes Mnemonic

DEMENTIA:[4]

Drugs/depression

Elderly

Multi-infarct/medication

Environmental

Nutritional

Toxins

Ischemia

Alcohol

Friedreich ataxia trinucleotide repeat Mnemonic

”Ataxic GAAit”

Guanine

Adenine

Adenine [19]

Stroke risk factors Mnemonic

HEADS:[4]

Hypertension/ hyperlipidemia

Elderly

Atrial fib

Diabetes mellitus/ drugs (cocaine)

Smoking/sex (male)

Horner syndrome Mnemonic

Horny PAMELA:

Ptosis

Anhydrosis

Miosis

Enophthalmos

Loss of ciliary-spinal reflex

Anisocoria

Cerebellar signs Mnemonic

DANISH:

  • Dysdiadochokinesia / dysmetria
  • Ataxia
  • Nystagmus (horizontal)
  • Intention tremor
  • Slurred speech
  • Hypotonia

Causes of pinpoint pupils Mnemonic

Pinpoint pupils are caused by opioids and pontine pathology

Diagnostic criteria of neurofibromatosis type 1

CAFÉ SPOT:

  • Café au lait spots
  • Axillary + inguinal freckling
  • Fibromas
  • Eye: Lisch nodules
  • Sphenoid dysplasia
  • Positive family history
  • Optic tumour (glioma)

Features of normal pressure hydrocephalus Mnemonic

Wet, wobbly, wacky:

  • Wet = urinary incontinence
  • Wobbly = ataxic gait
  • Wacky = dementia
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